Cannot export ISO from vLCM cluster image

When you try to export an ISO file in VMware vCenter from a cluster using single cluster image with vLCM. You will get the following error:

A general system error occurred: Error occurred while exporting ESXi image and/or image document.

The error is accompanied with an error in the vmware-vum-server-#.log file in /var/log/vmware/vmware-updatemgr/vum-server catalog like the following:

2023-06-14T12:21:23.882Z error vmware-vum-server[09453] [Originator@6876 sub=VumVapi::Lib::Utils] [ExportTask 92] Failed to export cluster image from depot. errorCode: 99

In my case I was able to export it as a zip bundle and the corresponding json configuration file exported successfully as well.

The problem lies with vendor signatures, and vmware does not currently have a solution for this unfortunately except that it normally helps to remove the vendor packages attached to the cluster.

More information is available here:

List VMs with Secure Boot enabled on Windows Server 2022

Since Microsoft released: KB5022842 a lot of customers has experienced Windows Server 2022 not being able to boot. On vSphere 7 this might be a problem if you have installed the patch at enabled secure boot for the server.

More information is available here: VMware KB90947

If you need to find VM that are running Windows Server 2022 and have enabled Secure Boot it is not that easy.

The problem is that your cannot always be sure that the OS selected for the VM is the OS actually installed in the VM. If for instance you installed Windows Server 2022 before is was officially supported in vSphere you might have chosen Windows Server 2019. So you will need to use the OS name that VMware tools are reporting.

But what is VMware tools is not running. That’s a problem.

The following script will find VMs with Secure Boot enabled that are running Windows Server 2022, but also VM’s where we are not certain because VMware Tools is not running.

Continue reading List VMs with Secure Boot enabled on Windows Server 2022

How To Make vRO Execute Python Code Blocks

vRealize Orchestrator (vRO) is a powerful automation platform that enables you to automate and orchestrate various IT processes, including the execution of Python scripts. In this article, we will show you how to set up vRO to run Python scripts and provide some tips along the way.


Before you can run Python scripts in vRO, you need to have the following:

  • A working installation of vRealize Orchestrator (8.10.2+).
  • A vCloud Suite Advanced or Enterprise license. You cannot run Python scripts with the standard vCenter license for vRO

Setting up vRO to run Python scripts

To set up vRO to run Python scripts, follow these steps:

  • Open the vRealize Orchestrator client and log in with your administrator credentials. (https://<servername>/orchestration-ui)
  • In the main menu, go to the “Assets” and select “Environments” from the submenu.
  • Click the “New Environment” button to create a python3.7 environment.
  • In the “General” tab, enter a name and a description for the environment.
Continue reading How To Make vRO Execute Python Code Blocks

Automating VMware Workstation LAB

I am often working with quite large test environments. Powering on ESXi hosts with nested VMs can be a pain when you need to get it running quickly.

Here are some of my tricks to automating VMware Workstation

Continue reading Automating VMware Workstation LAB

Nested or Native

Should you buy dedicated hardware or a OP workstation for you next testing environment. If you are not sharing it with others, this might be useful for you.


For many years now VMware Workstation has been my secret weapon an daily tool for just about everything in regards to customer remote connections, test environments as so on.

Recently I needed to do some advanced testing with NSX-V and NSX-T. This required a lot more power than what I normally use so I needed to upgrade my testing platform.

The consideration is always with these things. How much are you going to invest, and what are the benefits. For a long time I have been considering buying 4 Intel NUC PC’s for doing these tests, but the problem is that to get a real setup that is flexible you need to invest a lot. Also it is not very flexible as you need to maintain them, and reinstall them everytime you need to play with a newer or older version.

Continue reading Nested or Native

PowerCLI: Migrate DRS VM Group Members

When ever you need to migrate to from one vCenter instance to another there are lots of things you need to migrate.

This PowerCLI script will help you migrate members from one DRS VM group to another. It can easily be modified to be part of a bigger context, or migrate all groups available.


The prerequisites are that you have both the new and the old vCenter running, and that you have disconnected you hosts in the old vCenter and connected them to the new one. Do NOT remove them from you old vCenter. Leave them disconnected.

Continue reading PowerCLI: Migrate DRS VM Group Members

VMware HA Cluster: Set-Advanced HA Settings

Recently a adjustment was made to the vCenter Cluster HA Agent timeout Settings.


Performing a Reconfigure for VMware HA operation on a primary node causes an unexpected virtual machine failover

This calles for at script, because there is no way we are going to do this by hand! Feel free to use or alter the script, just remember. It is all done at your own risk.

Continue reading VMware HA Cluster: Set-Advanced HA Settings

Devices that are only supported in 6.7

Back in 2017 VMware changed their policy on VMKlinux Inbox Drivers. This has now come into effect from vSphere 7.0 and onwards.

Unfortunately this means that some otherwise supported hardware platforms, now are having support issue. And you might see the following error in vCenter Skyline Health:

Devices that are only supported in 6.7 or earlier by a VMKlinux inbox driver. This support has been removed in 7.0

This is the case for many Lenovo SR650 servers if they are booting from a SD card, as many will be configured with the Lewisburg SATA AHCI Controller.

Continue reading Devices that are only supported in 6.7

PowerCli Script: Migrate host from missing dvSwitch to new dvSwitch with same Id’s

The purpose of this script is to migrate from one vCenter to another when using dvSwitches. The dvSwitch is bound to vCenter, so in order to migrate hosts from one vCenter to another you can map the networks using this script. All you need to do is disconnect the host from the original vCenter with the VMs still running, but not remove it. Then you connect it to the new vCenter.

Continue reading PowerCli Script: Migrate host from missing dvSwitch to new dvSwitch with same Id’s